ANEMIA IN WOMEN
Iron is an important element of the human body and has a major impact on health. It is an integral part of many enzymes involved in the metabolism of all living cells, and its largest percentage is in the red blood cells, as a part of hemoglobin, the most important compounds that bind and transport oxygen. A major loss of iron occurs when a person is bleeding. Women are, therefore, given the monthly bleeding, subjects to anemia, if the losses are not balanced by a corresponding nutrition. A personâ€™s needs for iron constantly change during life, depending on the speed of his or her growth. Thus the infant period and the period of pubertal growth require the most iron intake.
Women and girls have an increased demand for iron, especially in the states of pregnancy and lactation. Low levels of hemoglobin, the substance that carries oxygen, cause a state known as anemia. Iron deficiency is quite common in pregnancy, so it is necessary to have blood tests frequently.
The first blood test is usually done in the 12th week of pregnancy, and then repeated in the second and third trimesters.
In order for an organism to create enough red blood cells, pregnant women need to consume foods rich in iron. Good sources of this mineral are: red meat, white fish, spinach, red kidney beans, lentils, whole meal bread and cereals.
If the blood results indicate anemia, your doctor may prescribe a product based on dietary iron. Before you take any measures you should consult a doctor.
The consequences of anemia are: chronic sense of fatigue, difficulty breathing, rapid breathing and dizziness. It is therefore important to consult a doctor in time to get proper treatment. The vital organs of pregnant women who have anemia are not getting enough oxygen, making her and her baby vulnerable. Anemia itself is not a disease but a symptom or result of a disease or a debilitating condition. The most common cause of anemia is bleeding, which can be of different causes, intensity and duration. Anemia in women can be caused by an irregular, heavy and long menstrual bleeding. It can also be caused by malfunctions of the ovaries, hormonal disturbances, fibroid tumors of the uterus, ovarian tumor or cyst, malignant disease, cancer. Anemia is common in pregnancy. The fetus takes all that it needs from its mother in the phase of rapid growth, and this leaves the mother with the state in which she has too little iron, which is an important factor in the structure of red blood cells.
The symptoms of anemia include pallor, weakness, drowsiness, loss of appetite, extreme tiredness, palpitations, dizziness. In order to set the correct diagnosis of anemia, it is necessary to have blood tests, sedimentation (SE), complete blood count (CBC), iron (Fe) and iron binding capacity (UIBC). In case of anemia the tests will show that the sedimentation is elevated, hemoglobin and hematocrit are low, iron is reduced and UIBC is increased. These are the sufficient tests for the most common forms of anemia, the iron deficiency anemia and loss of blood anemia. There should be further investigation when it comes to any other types of anemia. When it comes to anemia, it is necessary to find its causes or, in other words, a disease that is causing it. It is not enough to only discover anemia, it is important to know its cause. For women who are anemic because of irregular bleeding, it is necessary to treat the causes of such bleeding (hormonal therapy, surgery or uterine cyst, curettage, etc..). Iron therapy should be given orally. There should be caution when it comes to muscular or intravenous therapy. Blood transfusions should be avoided if possible.
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